What is Artificial intelligence (AI)?

What is Artificial intelligence (AI)?

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What is Artificial intelligence (AI)? How Does it Work?

Artificial intelligence (AI), machine intelligence. It is the branch of computers which is in a wide range. AI is the stimulation of intelligence of the people. It is the ability to perform tasks and to make it possible for machines to learn from experience. Artificial intelligence adjusts the input and performs the task like human beings. It helps build intelligent agents and machine learning algorithms, and solve real AI problems through programming with python. It is an artificial entity that is exhibited by a computer. AI used in all domains such as medicine, military, engineering, economics, traditional strategy, and computer software applications, etc. Artificial intelligence includes some advanced systems, which are network, fuzzy systems, and evolutionary computation. It is capable of detecting the problems in pattern formation, language issues, and processing. It is also called the artificial brain of the world.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

AI coined in 1956, which explores timely in solving the problems of machines and humans. Nowadays, artificial intelligence has become very popular. It was started by training computers and resolving the reasoning of humans and machines. Firstly, AI introduced DARPA later on, Siri, Alexa, and Cortana found. In the late 90s, it was also used by Hollywood movies as robots that seemed like humans and took the world off. After that, it works with smartness and spreads throughout the world like a web and provides specific benefits in every domain, such as in health care and retail most commonly. Furthermore, there is a huge demand for AI in every industry and department, e.g., manufacturing, banking, health care, and retail. It creates a significant change in the world, but the limits of AI should also be known.

“The coming era of Artificial Intelligence will not be the era of war, but be the era of deep compassion, non-violence, and love.” — Amit Ray, Pioneer of Compassionate AI Movement

Types of Artificial Intelligence

However, AI is a broad term, but is referred to three brief terms in media which enlisted as,

  • Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI)
  • Artificial general intelligence (AGI)
  • Artificial superintelligence (ASI)
  1. ANI

    (artificial narrow intelligence), known to be the weak artificial intelligence that usually performs a single task. It attempts the tasks of real-time and picks the information from a specific data-set.

  2. AGI

    (artificial general intelligence) termed general intelligence because it can understand both humans and machines. It has the capability of understanding the goals of the research topics such as fiction and future studies.

  3. ASI

    (artificial superintelligence), found to be the best for everything as it surpasses human intelligence and capability of thinking. IT believed that even the brightest minds of humans could not compete with the ability of ASI.

What is Artificial Intelligence?



Artificial intelligence is a broad term which categorized into two schools of thoughts:

  • Conventional AI
  • Computational intelligence (CI)

Conventional AI,

Based on the machine which stimulates learning of technology and development. It used to attempt programming or to generate new data. It is the way to conclude the problems and reasoning. Conventional AI helps to support critical learning, decision making, and also provides feedback. It is also known as symbolic AI, logic AI, and GOFAI.

Computational Intelligence (CI),

This refers to the capability of a machine to learn the tasks specifically based on data or observations or experimentation. CI has three broad terms, namely, networks, fuzzy systems, and evolutionary computation. The main areas where CI included are behavior-based CI, case-based CI, Bayesian network, and expert system. It is associated with non-symbolic AI, scruffy AI, and soft computing.


Artificial intelligence, a broad term to explore. It combines the highest number of data and technology. AI includes many theories, methods, intelligent algorithms, and processing. It allows people to learn software effectively and automatically includes the features and patterns in the formed data. The subfields at which artificial intelligence works are:

Cognitive Computing

It stimulates the human thoughts and processes. AI strives for human-like interaction with machines. It is based on scientific disciplines of artificial intelligence. It found to be the mashup of the human brain and how it functions with the computer.

Machine Learning

A machine can automatically learn and improve from past experience. It focuses on computer development and programming in which the neural networks, statistics, operations, research, and physics are explicitly programmed.

Computer Vision

It enables the computer to understand through images, now used as monitoring medical diagnostics, crops, and livestock, etc. It helps to identify objects and classify them. In the future, computer vision will pave the way for AI.

Deep Learning

It can apply to huge data for discovery and knowledge purposes. It can apply to prediction based knowledge. It is the subset of machine learning. In this field of work, the algorithms are inspired by the human brain and steadily learn from a large amount of data.

Neural Work

It helps in recognizing the patterns of the data. It generates the best possible set of results. It involves sensory data through machine perception. It favors resolving many business problems. It is said to be the sort of computer software.

This one was the basic work of artificial intelligence. AI plays a vast role in Natural language processing, Graphical processing units, The internet of things, Advanced algorithms, Application programming interfaces. The goal is to provide reasoning and explanation for both input and output service.

Humans are limited in the attention, kindness, and compassion that they can expend to others, but AI-based compassionate robots can channel virtually unlimited resources into building compassionate relationships in society.
― Amit Ray, Compassionate Artificial Intelligence: Frameworks and Algorithms

Uses Of Artificial Intelligence

As time passes, the demand for AI is increasing. The wonders of artificial intelligence are increasing day by day, as well as the use. Some of the uses of AI are


It favors solving problems more efficiently, which the health care faces in obtaining several diagnoses for certain diseases or disorders.


It includes the digitalization of retails that forms the engagement of business and consumer. It provides the opportunity to conclude the massive amount of data.


AI found to be the core element in optimizing manufacturing companies. It interprets quality control, short design time, productive maintenance, and much more.


AI is the cost-saving method for banking. It promotes the checking of fraud, money laundering, and knowing your customer.

Artificial Intelligence

Pros And Cons Of AI

Pros Cons
AI is a rational decision-maker AI incurs high cost
AI is selfless with no break AI lacks in creativity
AI doesn’t get tired AI leads to unemployment
AI doesn’t wear out easily There is no improvement in AI without experience
AI is accurate AI repeats usually


In brief, artificial intelligence is said to be an exciting and most rewarding discipline. AI found in almost all the folks of life, including medicine, economics, engineering, military, and many common fields. Although it may include some others such as traditional strategy games, home computer software applications, etc., it is the study of mechanisms that are found in intelligent behavior and evaluates the artifacts to attempt on it. It aims to increase the understanding of mechanisms and also favors improving the training feature of the public.

Furthermore, it concluded that the artificial work of the human brain has an unpredictable power of thinking. Artificial intelligence somehow provides human-like interaction with machines to support the data or tasks. Nevertheless, whatever it is, but it is not the replacement for human beings and can never be.

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